Float a ball of oil in a mixture of alcohol and water.
To Do and Notice
Fill a clear container 1/2 full of water
Carefully add a layer of isopropyl alcohol to bring the container to 3/4 full
Use a disposable pipette to add oil to the center of the top of the container.
Notice that the oil sinks through the alcohol and floats on the water.
Add more oil.
Notice that a ball of oil forms in the solution.
What's Going On?
The oil is less dense than the water and so floats on the water, the oil is less dense than the isopropanol and so sinks in the isopropanol.
With time the isopropanol diffuses into the water making a mixture of alcohol and water so that there is a density gradient changing from pure alcohol on the top to pure water at the bottom.
Scientific Explorations with Paul Doherty
18 August 2005